On the nature of the ethnic gods

Zeus - ΔΙΑΣ

Vlassis G. Rassias: On the nature of the ethnic gods (taken from his same-titled article and from his philosophical Lexicon Thyrathen). The article has not been completely translated yet.

The Gods are eternal beings, surrounding and permeating unhindered the entire material world and act on it. They participate in the eternal synthesis and aposynthesis (composition and decomposition) of forms. They do not intervene in the realms of action of other gods. They come under, and serve, the laws of the physical world. They act eternally and never retire. They do not combine into one person; they do not become substituted and they do not cease to exist. They cannot be defeated according to the whims of irreverence. They are beings and not persons. Everything is Multiplied One (Peplēthēsménon Hen). The designations One and Monad have only a comparative arithmetic substance and presuppose the existence of multiplicity. Everything is populated Oneness. However, among all of these [entities], an autonomous One can never exist … They are not constituted by bodies because Forces [dynameis] are incorporeal, but, unfortunately, to the human mind, «incorporeal» signifies that which we know as «natural Forces», as, for example, gravity… not what the Gods are. We will therefore remain on the term «beings» [ta onta]. Every «person» is axiomatically smaller than the truly existing Βeing [ontos On] and necessarily acts instead of simply being. Here, the self-contradictory theologians of the judaic-born religions are forced to place their illogically purported personal God outside the manifest cosmos… To us, Ethnikoi, however, the gods can permeate the entirety of the truly existing Being, as well as one another, without influencing each others nature. They are not included and, most importantly, not consumed by anything, as, for example, perishable things are consumed by time. Furthermore and this is very important they do not have either gender or any other characteristic of mortal beings.

The Gods are perfect ONTA (beings) who emerge from the «EN» (One) through simple multiplication of itself into a multitude and thus preserving all its attributes. The Gods constitute the Intellect(ual) essence of the SYMPAN (Universe). The Gods represent the EINAI (Essent), Order, Eternity and the MAKARIOTIS (Blissfulness) of the Supreme ON [Being] as imperishable, incorruptible, unalterable, unchanging reflections and representations of it. The actions of the THEOI are subject to Natural Law and serve the Natural Law.

The Gods constitute the first active multiplication of the ONTOS (Being) which is incorrectly referred to as THEOS (God) hence why the Theology is different to the Ontology and the association of the two is cultivated purposefully by monotheists to serve their theology. The Gods are unborn, perfect, immortal, just, without form, all wise, eternal, immaterial and also of dual substance, unchangeable, infinite and cohesive. The Gods are not persons as that denotes limits of which the Gods have none.